Like everything, electrical installations can degrade over time with use and therefore should be inspected and tested periodically to remain compliant with the NSAI National Rules for Electrical Installations I.S.10101:2020 regulated by the Commission for Regulation of Utilities, through its designated Safety Supervisory Body Safe Electric, responsible for ensuring that electrical contractors are in compliance with current standards.
A Periodic Inspection, also known as a Periodic Inspection Report (PIR), is a rigorous examination and assessment of the electrical systems and installations within a building or property. This inspection should only be carried out by qualified and competent trained electricians and is essential for ensuring the safety and proper functioning of electrical installations over time.
- Safety Assessment: The primary purpose of a PIR is to identify any potential electrical hazards or safety concerns within the electrical system. This includes checking for faulty wiring, damaged components, loose connections and any other issues that could pose a risk of electrical shock or fire.
- Compliance with Regulations: Electrical installations must meet certain standards and regulations to ensure they are safe and reliable. A PIR assesses whether the installation complies with the relevant electrical codes and standards regulated by Safe Electric
- Identification of Defects: The inspection aims to identify any defects or deterioration in the electrical system that may have occurred since the last inspection. This could include wear and tear, corrosion or other issues that could impact the systems’ performance.
- Verification of Circuitry and other Elements: Electricians will check the integrity of the wiring and circuits, including the distribution boards (fuse boxes) and circuit breakers, RCD’s and RCBO’s. They will ensure that circuits are properly labeled and that protective devices are in good working condition.
The results of all tests carried out are logged and recorded on test record sheets which are then subsequently compiled into a Periodic Inspection Report outlining any issues identified during the inspection and recommendations for any necessary repairs or improvements to bring the electrical installation up to standard. These recommendations are categorised by urgency using a numeric system of 1 to 4 as follows:
- Requires urgent attention
- Requires improvement
- Requires some attention
- Does not comply with the NSAI National Rules for Electrical Installations
The frequency of electrical periodic inspections can vary depending on the type of property and its use. For example, residential properties and commercial buildings require an inspection every 5 years or when changing hands, while industrial properties, cinemas, theatres and leisure complexes are required by regulation to be tested every 3 years.
Regular electrical periodic inspections are essential for maintaining electrical safety, reducing the risk of electrical accidents, and ensuring the reliability of electrical systems. Property owners and managers should always follow local regulations and standards regarding these inspections to ensure compliance and safety.
Many factors including the size of the building, number of fuseboards and general electrical fit-out will influence the cost of a Period. Dunne Electrical provide a free no obligation on-site survey, consultation and quotation service, call Barry on 0870541127 or email email@example.com to schedule a call.
A large part of the testing can be carried out during work hours however some time will need to be scheduled to power down for other elements required.
Health and Safety Authority – Guidance-Note on Periodic Inspection and Testing of Electrical Installations